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Sunday, 30 May 2021

World's most bizarre natural phenomena

1. Frozen methane bubbles, Canada

Frozen methane bubbles, Canada

This stunning landscape in Lake Abraham, Canada, showing icy white circles, resembling flying saucers or jelly-fish, is created by bubbles of methane gas coming into contact with frozen water. These methane bubbles are produced when dead plant parts and animals falling in the water sink and are digested by the microbes. Though stunning, this is a potentially dangerous landscape, as methane is a potent greenhouse gas, that can contribute to global warming. When ice melts and methane is released, it can cause a huge explosion is anyone brings a match nearby!


2. Blood falls, Antartica

Blood falls, Antartica

As the name itself implies, this shocking, and somewhat creepy sight in East Antarticaʼs McMurdo Dry Valleys, resembles blood slowly pouring out. Panic not! It isnʼt blood. Nor is it simply water, discolored by algae, as the scientists first thought. This phenomenon is created when hyper saline water trapped underground, away from light, oxygen, and heat, comes out and reacts with oxygen in the air, forming this surprising color!


3. Sailing stones, USA

Sailing stones, USA

Visitors to the Death Valley National Park in California can see so many heavy boulders that look like theyʼve been moved across the dry bed of a lake in the park - Racetrack Playa. How come these boulders appear to be moved, some in straight lines with sharp turns, while others in more smooth curved paths? Is this the work of aliens? Or of magnetic field? Neither, say scientists. When this lake fills with water in the winter, the stones become encased in ice. Due to the buoyancy of ice, these stones can be moved across the muddy lakebed even by a light breeze, with rough-bottomed stones moving in straight lines, and smooth-bottomed stones in curvy paths. In summer, as the water dries up, only the stones and their mysterious paths remain.


4. Kawa Ijen Lake, Indonesia

Kawa Ijen Lake, Indonesia

This 1 km-wide, vivid turquoise-hued lake, with citrine-colored stones, and billows of white gases is found at the summit of Kawah Ijen volcano. These stunning colors can all be attributed to one element - Sulfur! The magma chamber of the volcano spews out sulfuric gases, which, combined with the high concentration of dissolved metals, turns the water a brilliant shade of turquoise blue. The blasts of sulfuric gases can be seen as the billows of white gases around the lake, and when these gases condense and fall back to the ground, they dye the stones around the lake a vivid shade of electric yellow. With a pH of 0.5, this lake is also worldʼs largest highly acidic lake.


5. Hidden beach, Mexico


Hidden beach, Mexico

Even the name sounds enticing - a secret, hidden beach - a dream come true! This magical beach is Palaya Del Amor, the ‘Loverʼs Beachʼ, found on one of the Marieta islands, off the coast of Mexico. This secluded beach can be accessed through a 24m-long tunnel that links it to the ocean. The source of this magical place is rather shocking - a bomb blast! A gaping hole was created when bombs were tested in the uninhabited island. Over time, this hole was filled by the tides with sand and water, creating this secret, heavenly beach.

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